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        您当前所在的位置:首页 > 艺术 > 建筑 > 世界七大建筑难度奇迹(七):英吉利海峡海底隧道

        世界七大建筑难度奇迹(七):英吉利海峡海底隧道

        来源:本站 | 发表日期:2018-10-22 | 点击数: 570 次

        导读:结构大师塞西尔·巴尔蒙德被誉为“世界上最伟大的建筑师”,长期专注于创新结构建筑设计工作的他,对于评价世界上大大小小难易不同的建筑物,大概是最有发言权的人之一了。以下就是由巴尔蒙德先生根据建筑难度而评选出的世界七大建筑奇迹,一起来了解吧。

        著名风水大师



            英吉利海峡隧道也称为英法海底隧道,或称欧洲隧道,是一条把英国英伦三岛连接往欧洲法国的铁路隧道,位于英国多佛港与法国加来港之间,于1994年5月6日开通。英吉利海峡海底隧道由三条长51km的平行隧洞组成,总长度153km,其中海底段的隧洞长度为3×38km,是世界第二长的海底隧道及海底段世界最长的铁路隧道。

        1986年2月12日法、英两国签订关于隧道连接的坎特布利条约(Treaty of Kanterbury)到1994年5月7日正式通车,英吉利海峡隧道的建造历时8年多,耗资约100亿英镑(约150亿美元),也是世界上规模最大的利用私人资本建造的工程项目。

            隧道横跨英吉利海峡,使由欧洲往返英国的时间大大缩短。隧道长度50千米,仅次于日本青函隧道。海底长度39千米。单程需35分钟。通过隧道的火车有长途火车、专载公路货车的区间火车、载运其他公路车辆(像是大客车、一般汽车、摩托车、自行车)的区间火车。

            西方传媒和学术着作都称英吉利海峡海底隧道为人类工程史上的一个伟业。这不仅因为它总长踞世界之冠,为它投入了巨额资金,而且工程量宏大,从欧洲隧道中挖出的土石方计750多万立方米,相当3座埃及大金字塔的体积;隧道衬砌中用的钢材,仅法国一边就相当于3座埃菲尔铁塔,更重要的是它成功地解决了许多工程技术上的难题。

            巴尔蒙德认为,通过一个海底隧道将两个国家连接起来的概念是多么大胆而有创意的想法。当然现在,丹麦与瑞典,澳门和中国都是如此,但英吉利海底隧道是此类工程的首创。加上67英里(约108公里)的高速铁路线,在伦敦南部和英国花园肯特之间运行,物流量是惊人的。


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