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        茶艺与茶文化的碰撞融合

        来源:网络 | 发表日期:2019-05-21 | 点击数: 208 次

        导读:很多人会问,究竟什么才算茶艺?我们知道,茶学是茶文化的一部分,它与茶科技、茶经贸三足鼎立,才构成了现在我们所知道的“茶学”。在茶文化里,“饮茶”是主体,茶艺以及茶道又形成了饮茶文化的主体。茶艺无论是在内涵上还是文化延伸上都小于茶文化。我们在茶馆看到的那些茶艺表演,更着重于形式表演,这种更是小于茶艺自身的含义。茶曙坊普洱茶,传承百年制茶工艺,一叶茶,一片心。

        风水大师李计忠


        茶艺与茶文化

        很多人会问,究竟什么才算茶艺?我们知道,茶学是茶文化的一部分,它与茶科技、茶经贸三足鼎立,才构成了现在我们所知道的“茶学”。在茶文化里,“饮茶”是主体,茶艺以及茶道又形成了饮茶文化的主体。茶艺无论是在内涵上还是文化延伸上都小于茶文化。我们在茶馆看到的那些茶艺表演,更着重于形式表演,这种更是小于茶艺自身的含义。茶曙坊普洱茶,传承百年制茶工艺,一叶茶,一片心。


        茶艺


        茶艺与茶道

        茶道重在以修行得道为宗旨,包括环境、修行、礼法、茶艺四要素。“茶艺”的重点在于“艺”字,重在研习茶的艺术,来获得审美上的享受;“茶道”的重点则在于“道”字,意在通过茶艺来达到修心养性、参悟大道的目的。最早在唐代,我国就出现了“茶道”一词,但这一词的内涵在当时并没有做出明确的界定,后来传到日本,被发挥到了极致。“茶道”一词逐也被传播开来。到了十八世纪,“茶道”已经成为了人人皆知的事情,并衍生出了“和、静、清、寂”的茶道精神。


        饮茶


        茶艺与茶俗

        所谓“茶俗”,是指一些地区性的用茶的习俗。譬如在婚丧嫁娶中用茶的风俗,待客时用茶的风俗或者人们饮茶的习俗等等。比较有代表性的,如四川的“盖碗茶”,浙江杭嘉湖地区和江苏太湖流域的“薰豆茶”,云南白族的“ 三道茶”等等。茶艺重点在茶的品饮艺术,在于追求品饮时的情趣。茶俗的重点则在于喝茶和吃茶,意在解决生理和物质的需要。


        茶艺


        茶艺是艺术性的品茶饮茶,是饮茶生活艺术化的表现形式。它具有一定规律的程式和技艺,但又不同于茶学中对茶叶的审评。茶艺是充满人情味的,但茶叶的审评是充满科学性质的;茶艺是一门艺术,茶叶审评则是一种技术;艺术是主观且生动的,技术则是客观及苛刻的。在茶艺中,所用的茶是成品的干茶,因而种茶、采茶、制茶等都不存在于茶艺中。明代张源《茶录》曾有云:“茶兹于水, 水籍乎器,汤成于火。”茶、水、器、火是构成茶艺的四项最基本也是最重要的要素,再加上茶艺的主体:人与茶艺发生的场所——境,则构成了茶艺的六大要素。从选茶、备器、择水、取火、烹治、到最后的品饮,茶艺是人们在一定的环境下所进行的一种习茶艺术。


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