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        腊八节的来历?腊八节这天有哪些习俗和禁忌?

        来源:本站 | 发表日期:2019-06-21 | 点击数: 174 次

        导读:腊八节俗称腊八,自遥远的上古时代,古人就有在腊八节这天祭祀祖先和神灵的祭祀仪式,意在祈求丰收和吉祥。

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           腊八节俗称腊八,自遥远的上古时代,古人就有在腊八节这天祭祀祖先和神灵的祭祀仪式,意在祈求丰收和吉祥。

          提到腊八节,都知道是农历的十二月八日,可你知道吗,最早的腊八节并不是这一天。

          腊八因在十二月举行,故而该月便被称为腊月,而腊月祭祀的这一天就被成为腊日。先秦时期,腊日其实是在冬至后的第三个戌日。

          只不过后来佛教传入中国,腊八节被定为佛成道日,佛教信徒将腊八节称作法宝节,南北朝时期,腊八节开始固定在十二月初八。

          《礼传》言:“腊者,猎也,言田猎取禽兽,以祭祀其祖也。或曰:腊者,接也,新故交接,故大祭以报功也。”


        腊八节为什么叫腊八?  


           《礼记》记载:“伊耆氏始为蜡。蜡也者,索也,岁十二月,合聚万物而索飨之也。”

          《史记》也说:“炎帝神农氏以其初为田事,故为蜡祭,以报天地。”

          由此可以看出,早期的腊八节,人们只是通过祭祀来祈求吉祥丰收,祭祀的对象则是:先啬神神农、司啬神后稷、农神田官之神、邮表畦神始创田间庐舍、开路、划疆界之人、猫虎神、坊神堤防、水庸神水沟、昆虫神。

          佛教传入后,腊八节发生了很大的改变,为了纪念释伽牟尼成佛,敬神供佛逐渐取代了祭祀祖灵、欢庆丰收和驱疫禳灾。

          在咱们中国,各地过腊八节的习俗都不太一样,但最流行的还是做腊八粥吃。

          北京的腊八粥就十分讲究,我们一般只放八样东西,它却有不下20种材料,如红枣、莲子、核桃、栗子、杏仁、松仁、桂圆、葡萄、白果、青丝、玫瑰、红豆、花生……

          江浙过腊八也是吃腊八粥,和北京腊八粥不同的是,它有两种口味,甜的和咸的,爱吃哪种就做哪种。

          西宁的腊八节则不吃腊八粥,他们吃的是麦仁饭。所谓麦仁饭,就是在腊月初七的晚上就开始准备,要把新碾的麦仁与牛羊肉同煮,加入青盐、姜皮、花椒、草果、苗香等佐料,经过一个晚上熬煮而成的麦仁饭异香扑鼻,十分可口。

          在陕西地区,腊八节也有点不一样,他们除了有腊八粥,还有腊八面。

          陕西的腊八粥熬好之后,要先祭祀祖先,然后把煮好的腊八粥赠送给亲友品尝,但是一定要在中午之前送出去,最后才是一家人围在一起吃腊八粥,吃不完的就留着,有“年年有余”的寓意。

          陕西有些地区的每年农历腊月初八的早上,家家户户都要吃上一碗腊八面。

          腊八面是以面和各种豆类(红豆为住)为原料,把面做成韭叶面(韭菜叶的宽度相等的面条)备用;红豆提前泡一晚,腊八这天用来熬汤,待水开时转小火至红豆熟透,中火煮面。同时熟油将葱花爆香,面煮好后将葱花油泼入锅中。

          在陕北高原,人们吃完腊八粥,还要将剩下的粥抹在门上、灶台上及门外树上,以驱邪避灾,迎接来年的农业大丰收。但他们也有禁忌,那就是在腊八节这天不能吃菜。因为如果这天吃菜的话,就代表将来庄稼地里的杂草多。

          好了,关于腊八节的习俗与禁忌,小编就总结了这么多,你还知道腊八有哪些习俗与禁忌吗?

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